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March Music from Lombardia/Italy

Grade Level: 4–6

Italian Treasury: Lombardia
Rigoletto Bottanuco — Performers unknown
Marcia — Performers unknown
Valzer — Performers unknown

Rigoletto Bottanuco — Performers unknown

Marcia — Performers unknown

Valzer — Performers unknown

Activity #1: Instrument Identification
1. Display a photo or image of panpipes (Google images, for example; or go to http://www.panflute.net/ to view photos and sound clips of various panpipes)
2. Listen to the first portion (approx. 30 seconds) of "Rigoletto Bottanuco" and draw students' attention to the panpipes.
Q: Are all of the panpipes playing the same pitches?
A: No.
Q:Would larger panpipes play higher or lower pitches?
A: Lower pitches; the larger the panpipes, the lower the pitches.
3. Listen again until all the percussion enters. Have the students identify the percussion instruments (snare drum, bass drum, cymbal). Distribute cards with images of drums and panpipes to the students. Have the children raise the image of the instrument they hear while listening.

Activity #2: Meter
1. Listen to "Marcia" and determine that it is in duple meter. Listen again and derive a movement pattern indicating the strong and weak beats, such as patting and snapping.
2. Listen to "Valzer" and determine that is in triple meter. Listen again and derive a pattern indicating the strong and weak beats, such as a pat-snap-snap pattern for 1-2-3.
3. Listen to the first 30 seconds of "Rigoletto Bottanuco" and discuss whether or not there is a steady pulse.
4. Listen again. Stand and walk to the beat when there is a pulse, freeze when there is no pulse.
5. Challenge students to figure how they can tell if a piece is in duple meter or triple meter. Lead them to a discovery of duple as a stressed beat followed by an unstressed beat, and triple as a stressed beat followed by two unstressed beats.
6. Walk to the beat and (1) freeze when there is no pulse, (2) pat and clap when the music moves in 2s and 3s, and (3) pat-clap-clap when the music moves in threes.
7. As an extension, find and play a traditional recording of Rigoletto. Compare and contrast this recording to the panpipe performance.

Cultural Link:
Italy: Lombardia

Designed by Rita Klinger and Kyler Brumbaugh

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